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'Education makes a people easy to lead, but difficult to drive; easy to govern, but impossible to enslave.' This comment, attributed to the Member of Parliament and Lord Chancellor Baron Brougham (1778-1868), reminds us that education is essential to any effort to enhance human rights. In this sense, the right to education is crucial to empowering people to be able to enjoy their other rights. The right to education involves not only obligations to refrain from interfering with the right by closing schools or discriminating against certain pupils, but also includes obligations to fulfil the right to education by providing compulsory, free primary education for all. The right to education has been developed at the doctrinal level to encompass what is known as a '4As' approach: availability, accessibility, acceptability, and adaptability. (Some might hear echoes here of the 3Rs - reading, writing, and arithmetic.)
A liderança ambiental no Grande Delta do Rio das Pérolas HojeMacau, 08.03.2017
“Environmental leaders confront complicated and seemingly intractable problems. They consider the impacts of a growing world population, increased energy demand, and resource scarcity. They wrestle with misconceptions of the trade-offs between economic growth and environmental protection. Environmental leaders help us understand the environmental impacts of our actions and design the educational programs that reach out to the world’s inhabitants.”
Environmental Leadership: A Reference Handbook
Deborah R. (Rigling) Gallagher
O Grande Delta do Rio das Pérolas (GPRD na sigla em língua inglesa) é uma região de megacidade no sul da China, composta por Dongguan, Foshan, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Huizhou, Jiangmen, Macau, Shenzhen, Zhaoqing, Zhongshan e Zhuhai como principais cidades na província de Guangdong, e duas regiões administrativas especiais de Hong Kong e Macau. O GPRD tem uma população de mais de cinquenta milhões de habitantes e abrange uma superfície de quarenta e três mil quilómetros quadrados. Além da provínvia de Guandong e das Regiões Administrativas Especiais de Hong Kong e Macau, ainda engloba as províncias de Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan, Guizhou e Yunnan, representando na sua totalidade um quinto da superfície do país, um terço da sua população e do seu PIB.
Economic historians such as Robert Fogel, David Landes, and Douglass North have argued that the rich world is rich today because, over the centuries, it has devised institutions that have enabled people to improve their material conditions of life. This is a deeper explanation. It says that people in rich countries work with superior technologies, are healthier, live longer, are better educated, and produce many more productive ideas, because they have been able to get on with their lives in societies whose institutions permit – even encourage – the economy-wide accumulation of such factors of production as machines, transport facilities, health, skills, ideas, and the fruits of those ideas. The accumulation of productive capital assets is only a proximate cause of prosperity, the real cause is progressive institutions.
“Refugees are people who cannot assume protection by their own states. In many refugees crisis of the modern era, ethnicity has been one, if not the major criterion according to which people have been denied the protection of their own governments.”
Ethnic conflict and refugees
Os anos de 2014 e 2015 caracterizaram-se por uma crescente consciencialização nos círculos políticos, meios de comunicação e na sociedade civil global da situação dos imigrantes no mundo. Os relatos de centenas de pessoas a morrer em naufrágios no Mediterrâneo; milhares de refugiados a escalar cercas de arame farpado erigidas na Hungria; milhares a viverem em acampamentos, em Calais, esperando para fugir através do Canal para o Reino Unido e navios repletos de refugiados rohingyas a serem empurrados de volta ao mar no Sudeste Asiático, publicitou sobremaneira a extensão global da crise.