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PERSPECTIVAS - A NOVA ORDEM ECONÓMICA INTERNACIONAL (II) HOJEMACAU - 28.10.2016
“In the course of dynamic economic taking-off, both China and India are taking active measures to establish and modernize their competition regimes as an important institution to support the national development. Although the two developing giants share in some aspects common concerns and face similar challenges, the different political, legal and market conditions seem to reflect more disparities in their breaking paths, which will be valuable experiences to the world.”
China, India and the International Economic Order
Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah and Jiangyu Wang
A criação de uma nova ordem económica global apresentada como inevitável, obriga à consideração de diversos elementos fundamentais, como a tecnologia que sempre foi uma força de ruptura. Após 1945, os países investiram fortemente na investigação militar e espacial, surgindo a “Internet” e a navegação por satélite, ambas produto dessas investigações. Estão a aparecer um grande número de novas tecnologias, algumas com capacidade para mudar drasticamente muitas situações, especialmente na área da robótica, nanotecnologia e medicina, afectando a sociedade e os negócios.
There’s a difference between saying we’re not going to live up to other people’s expectations and actually not living up to them.
Other people’s expectations, or even what we imagine others expect from us, can be a powerful and motivating force.
We can feel antsy, uncomfortable, wrong, and off-center when we step out of our place.
These feelings can occur when we’re not living up to what other people expect from us-even, and sometimes especially, if these expectations aren’t vocalized.
Expectations are silent demands.
“As the Chinese economic transformation is unprecedented in human history, there are no successful models from which the Chinese can learn in order to smoothly and effectively transform their planned economy to a market economy. Nonetheless, the so-called Socialist Market Economy, or Economic Taoism approach, appears to have been remarkably successful. Although there is no agreement in the literature on whether a coherent Chinese model of economic growth exists, it seems clear that the approaches of Taoism, combined with its traditional guanxi relationships, have helped China in “groping for stones to cross the river.” It may be too early to say that the Chinese Economic Taoism paradigm has come of age; however, it is indisputable that China has found a unique way to develop its economy and that this has enabled it to respond effectively to the recent financial crises.”
China in the International Economic Order: New Directions and Changing Paradigms
Lisa Toohey, Colin B. Picker and Jonathan Greenacre
Os mercados emergentes que cresciam a grande rapidez e a brecha que sempre os tinha separado dos países industrializados, começava a fechar-se no inicio do século XXI. A convergência realizava-se num ambiente de liberalização económica, em que se acreditava, que os sistemas financeiros de todos os países, formariam uma rede uniforme, mas esse período terminou. Os países emergentes já não crescem à velocidade de antes, especialmente, em comparação com os países desenvolvidos, e as fissuras entre os diferentes sistemas tornam-se mais evidentes.
Jorge Rodrigues Simao
Discussion Paper No. 5344
European Law Professor;
Doctor in European Constitutional Law;
Doctor in Economics & Monetary Policy;
@2016 Jorge Rodrigues Simao
Everybody knows her, but nonetheless, it’s embarrassing to meet her in the street. The truth is like the town whore. - Borchert
Our paper, it will particularly focus on the AKP government’s discourse on national consensus, and the restructuring of the military and the field of security. In order to examine this conflict within by examining both the domestic and international spheres, this paper will, firstly, briefly discuss civil-military relations in Turkey in accordance with its theoretical framework drawn from Marxism. Secondly, it will briefly discuss the relationship between the AKP (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi – Justice and Development Party) government and the Gulen movement since the coup plotters were allegedly disciples and allies of the Gulen movement (Gulenists) according to their own confessions. Thirdly, it will discuss the aftermath of the failed coup attempt in relation to the hegemonic project of neoliberal-Islamism. Finally, it will conclude that the secular and democratic Republican regime with the rule of law should be defended, and that the class antagonisms and ill-doings of capitalism should be collectively voiced. However, the failed coup revealed the fierce and prolonged conflict within the state apparatus which can be dated back to the Ergenekon (named after a Turkish saga of re-birth) and Balyoz (Sledgehammer) trials. On 15 July 2016, Turkey saw a failed coup attempt, which was undertaken by certain factions of the military, and which saw more than three-hundred killed, more than a thousand wounded, and thousands detained.